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How to cope with leg swelling in the summer months

What are the reasons for swelling in the summer and what needs to be known to cope with this problem.

Comfortable disagreed shoes, which had never let you down before, began to rub the calluses. Legs seem wadded, "buzz" and look bulky. Almost every woman faces such problems in the summer heat. The situation is aggravated during menstruation and pregnancy.

How to cope with leg swelling in the summer months
Swelling of the feet often accompanies various diseases. Sometimes they become the first alarm bell about the disorder in the body. However, in the summer months, edema of the legs can occur in practically healthy people.

Heat and swelling: what is the connection? 
In the summer sun, the main function of the body is cooling, and the cooling liquid is sweat. We sweat, drink and sweat again. If the thermometer's column rolls over the 30 degree mark, then the amount of sweat can increase to 1.5 liters per hour. And if a person at the same time actively works, then from it in general pours, as from a bucket. Can you imagine what a powerful pump is needed to pump such volumes of liquid and correctly distribute it across the body?

The main burden falls on the heart and kidneys, and not always these bodies cope with the task by 100%, sometimes they do not improve, which leads to swelling. Edema is the accumulation of fluid in soft tissues. And the most frequent summer cause of their appearance is an excessive burden on the kidneys and the heart with soft drinks .

Is summer swelling always a sign of illness? 
First of all, you need to decide whether there is a reason for concern. Even a practically healthy person may have swelling.

If the swelling of the feet is barely noticeable, it rarely occurs, completely passes through the morning and is not accompanied by other troubles, it is not worth worrying. With such edemas you can cope without resorting to medical help.
Another cause of swelling of the legs is varicose veins. Under the influence of the sun, heat and increased volume of fluid, the walls of the veins stretch, thin, begin to flow water into the intercellular spaces of surrounding tissues.

First of all, venous insufficiency manifests itself on the legs. If in the summer evenings the legs "buzz", become "heavy" or "cotton", you must definitely find time to visit a vascular surgeon.
Even without visible signs in the form of blue patterns under the skin, these symptoms can speak of developing varicose veins. In the early stages of venous insufficiency is well treated, most importantly, in time to get down to business!
Predisposition to edema is in people with excess weight and relatively small size of shoes, those who suffer from flat feet, and also like to wear tight shoes on a high hairpin .

Pay attention to the toes: if the second finger on the foot is longer than the rest, the probability of developing edema, varicose and flat feet is minimal, if the fingers are lined with an even ladder, alas, there is a risk.
There are other causes of edema: severe heart and kidney disease, thyroid gland pathology, protein metabolism disorders, diabetes mellitus, liver diseases, and so on.

If the swelling persists, do not disappear after a good rest and gradually build up, you can not leave them without attention, writing off only in the heat, especially if you have other complaints besides the puffiness of the legs.

How to determine if there is edema? 
With small edemas - pastoznosti - to guess what is happening can be by indirect signs: shoes by the evening as if it becomes small, belts of sandals cut into the skin, from socks and stockings there are traces, the silhouette of the leg slightly smoothes. If you lightly press on the front surface of the shin, where the bone passes under the skin, then on the surface of the foot for a long time remains a noticeable fossa, unevenness.

If for several days to measure the centimeter tape with an ankle volume in the morning and in the evening, it is possible to track significant fluctuations in volume.

The right shoes for swelling 
If you have a penchant for swelling, do not rush to take drastic measures. Perhaps it will be enough to change a habitual way of life a little. First you need to give up shoes with high heels, tight sandals that squeeze the leg, and from stockings with tight elastic bands. These attributes of this lady, unfortunately, exacerbate edema.
If you do not want to radically change the habitual style, try to change your shoes at work in more comfortable shoes with a low heel (no more than 5 cm), and wear elegant studs only on the way out.

In those days, when you can not refuse from the model shoes, do yourself a massage of the feet and shins: massage the feet from the bottom upwards, along the current of the lymph. Thus, you stimulate its movement in the vessels and capillaries.

Foot Recharge 
How to cope with leg swelling in the summer months
If you are addicted to edema, it is useful to do the following exercises:
  1. Remove the tension from the calf muscles and "disperse" the blood will help rolling from the heel to the toe and back. Repeat this exercise 5-6 times every two hours. When you sit at your desk, supplement this simple gymnastics with the circular movements of the foot in the ankle joint. 
  2. Do not waste time: during the evening watching TV, take off your shoes, put a light mat or a piece of dense cloth under your feet, try to crumple it into an accordion with the help of feet. Repeat 5-6 times. It is useful to roll barefoot a tight ball or rolling pin on the floor: this is an excellent massage for your tired legs for a day. 
  3. In the daily morning exercise complex, turn on the exercise "bike": lying on your back, make such movements with your legs as if you are participating in a bike ride. If there is no strength for the "big" sport, just lie down, lifting your legs up a few minutes. By the way, if possible, try, sitting at the table, lay your feet on some elevation and even sleep "backwards", putting a pillow under your feet. This will improve the outflow of blood and reduce the manifestations of puffiness.

Water procedures for swollen feet 
After coming home from work, first of all go to the bathroom. Every day, arrange a contrast shower for your legs. Particular attention should be paid to the inner surface of the shin to the knee: here are the most important connective veins suffering from varicose veins. Differences in the temperature of the water jet will keep your blood vessels toned and give your skin a smart and fresh look.

Periodically, arrange a water march: collect cool water in the basin and march in it for 1-2 minutes.
If you're lucky enough to live next to a body of water suitable for swimming, you can run jogging along the edge of the water and wet sand - it's very useful.

A couple of times a week, go to the pool to swim or do aqua aerobics. During the movement, water jets have an excellent hydromassage effect.

Is it necessary to limit the amount of liquid? 
Depriving yourself of water in the summer heat is an unthinkable punishment. However, for some serious diseases, this is a compulsory measure. If there are no serious health problems, you should not limit yourself in water: such deprivation can only do much harm. So, with insufficient intake of fluid into the body, blood condenses, its movement through the veins slows down, the liquid part of the plasma penetrates into the fatty tissue and soft tissues, thereby swelling only intensifies.

Another problem is the kidneys. The less we drink, the more concentrated urine is formed in the kidneys, which greatly increases the risk of urolithiasis. As a result, the fight against edema by water retention can result in the appearance of kidney stones.

Choose natural, non-carbonated drinks: juices, compotes, fruit drinks or herbal tea. Remember, products with dyes, preservatives and sweeteners only intensify thirst.

If the legs swell by evening, maybe it's worth to walk less? 
This conclusion is true only for pregnant women in late pregnancy: their edema is aggravated by the fact that the enlarged uterus squeezes the vessels of the small pelvis, leading to stagnation of blood in the veins of the lower part of the trunk.
If a woman in such a position spends the whole day on her legs - swelling will inevitably increase.

It is not without reason that an antenatal vacation was invented, during which the expectant mother should rest more and spare herself. In other cases, an active lifestyle is one of the main medicines for summer swelling.

For the health of the legs need strong muscles, which during walking make the blood run faster through the veins, thereby inhibiting the development of edema.

Phytotherapy against edema 
Many vegetables and fruits have a diuretic effect, making it easier for the kidneys. In June, strawberries come to our aid, in the middle of summer - mulberry, apples, pears, cherries, cucumbers and zucchini. By August-September, it's time for watermelons, cranberries and cranberries.

Jelly berries have a remarkable diuretic effect. Brewing them, you will get a fragrant drink with a pleasant sweetish taste. Everyone knows the diuretic action of bearberry, flax seed, dill seed or fennel.

Decoctions and infusions of these herbs can be added to regular drinking throughout the day. However, do not treat herbs too lightly. Even phytotherapy has contraindications, first of all, the risk of allergic reactions is high .
If, despite all the efforts, legs continue to persistently swell, medical intervention can not be avoided. The doctor will determine the true cause of puffiness, prescribe therapy, help avoid complications.


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